About 1755 year, this style was introduced to American colonial from England and evolves in 1760 and 1770. As reaction, Baroque and Queen Anne take delicious food form and funny character. Mahogany any available on market become wood that many used in cabinet making and rich ornament carving compare veneer and inlay. The claw and ball-foot become very popular.
Origin of Chippendale style
Come from England during 1730 and 1740, Chippendale style join from three substances: French Rococo, Chinese ornamentation, was known from imported objects, and the Gothic style. These elements often to be added in furniture that reflect Baroque influence architecture that so popular during Anne William and Queen Mary period. So, broken pediment, pilaster and classical entablature remain important section in design furniture, although Chippendale style to show new substance also.
Rococo style, widely accepted in England during 1740, comes from France about two decade previously when lighter form curvilinear line more play introduced. The name comes from France word rocaille, referring to rockwork or rock forms, and coquille, or shell patterns. Strange and fantastic combinations of two motives in patterns of asymmetric form element Rococo Chippendale style.
Chinese Influence on Chippendale style has two main components: west and imaginative interpretation of Chinese design, called Chinoiserie, and the actual adaptation of the Far East furniture pieces that are being widely imported from the East.
As the influence of architecture, Gothic detail is never completely disappeared from the vocabulary of British design. However, the influence of Gothic has little or no impact on the furniture in medieval England, and is often mixed with Gothic elements of Rococo and China making it difficult to distinguish them.
Was Thomas Chippendale (1718 -1779) that modifies this style, which then uses his last name once known in Britain and America. Though he, his father, and her children the entire furniture maker, Chippendale is remembered primarily for the pattern book called Gentleman and Cabinet-Makers Director, first published in 1754. This book, and two subsequent editions, illustrates the combination of Rococo furniture, elements of Chinese, and Gothic. Director was circulated among the nobility and the cabinetmakers and other craftsmen in both England and America, but his influence certainly on the American cabinet shops have not been determined. Chippendale name may not be synonymous with the style until the 19th century.
Some new forms developed during the Chippendale period. Chairs and sofas continue to be made in the form similar to the style of Queen Anne. Tester bed made with claw-and-ball feet, not the foot pad, and daybed almost disappeared. The new model for tea yield new forms of furniture: standing boiler, contains slides, a small easy to move to hold the cup of tea, fret-up “table of China,” used to store tea service, and an engraved “piecrust” over the three-legged table is designed to tilt -top tea. Period Chippendale Pembroke table is also introduced, breakfast table with short leaves. Candle stands, designed to hold candles, also developed during this time. Because the case remains very architectural furniture’s, blocking and bombed important both during the Chippendale period. Secretary-bookcase comes to plus, especially in England, by breakfront, a piece of architecture that is contained in several sections, with bookshelves, tables, and cabinets closed. This form is rare in America. Looking through a glass, also architectural in form, often shown borrowed elements from the Director.